What You Should Know About The Drug Methylphenidate
What Is Methylphenidate?
Methylphenidate Ritalin (Ritalin is the brand name of this drug and is commonly the name used for it) is a drug that acts on the central nervous system by stimulating the activity in the brain and nerves contributing to the general impulse and hyperactivity of the patient. The drug is therefore known as a stimulator of the central nervous system. Methylphenidate hydrochloride is from the group of drugs known as the Piperidine whose effect is seen in their action on both Norepinephrine and Dopamine by increasing these substances gradually and continuously in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter which is normally produced by the brain cells and its effect in the body has to do with stimulating the patient’s activity in sense of pleasure, attention and also body movements. Dopamine is naturally one of the chemicals in the brain that is increased in secretion during strong emotions like anger, fear or extreme excitement. Therefore Methylphenidate HCL functions by allowing increase in dopamine level, thereby increasing the possibilities of these emotions in people who lack such emotions due to depression or Attention deficient hyperactivity disorder.
Therapeutic Uses Of Methylphenidate
Methylphenidate effects are seen in the treatment of some diseases that has to do with the central nervous system. This drug is commonly used as a psycho stimulator and this is because the drug has been proven to increase the general activity and functioning of the central nervous system. The reason why this Methylphenidate is the drug of choice for treating Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is because it increases and maintains alertness, inhibiting any signs of fatigue with this effect it generally improves attention. This drug is used by physician in a long term therapy that is aimed at behavioral management (a therapy that helps cognitive behavior of a patient). Ritalin is not only used in the treatment of ADHD, it is also effective in the treatment of a chronic disorder of sleep (narcolepsy) which results in feeling of drowsiness during the day. In this disorder the use of Ritalin increases vigilance and wakefulness, improving the general performance of the person during the day, taking care of the drowsy feeling during the day. Methylphenidate is also useful when combined with antidepressant medications in patients with severe depression. This is because this drug has been proven to improve depressive states in patients who are HIV positive, cancer patients and stroke patients. Methylphenidate cost is not on the high side or made very difficult to get despite its beneficial influence in the medical world.
The Dosage Of Methylphenidate
The dosage of this drug is available in different forms and should be taken by strictly following the doctor’s prescription. The available forms of Ritalin are tablets, capsules, chewable tablets, and liquid. The tablet form can be seen in their different onset of action and duration of action. There is the intermediate acting tablet and the long- acting tablets. The long- acting tablets are given for the first time and the remaining dose of the therapy are often given in a long period of time; this means the therapy is given over time. The dose of Ritalin that is given varies depending on the state of the patient, while some people respond to small doses others require a higher dose to achieve the same effect. The normal dose of the drug administered is between 5-30mg/day and a maximum dosage of 60mg/day for children. It is therefore necessary to give this drug with proper monitoring of the child’s response to avoid drug toxicity.
Methylphenidate dosage is given orally. The chewable tablets( with the brand name; Methylin) and the liquid forms are administered three times a day to adults and two times a day to children. This drug is best taken before night so as to avoid problems with insomnia due to the effect of the drug. It is also advisable to administer the drug about forty minutes before meals. The intermediate form of Ritalin (Ritalin SR) is often administered orally by swallowing the tablet whole without breaking it or chewing it, unlike the chewable tablets they are taken once in a day or twice in a day for adults and the capsule is taken one time a day in the morning before breakfast is taken while the long- acting tablet (Concerta) is administered one time in a day with food or without food.
The Possible Side Effects Of Methylphenidate
Methylphenidate side effects are of great concern to the physician because this drug has the ability to cross the blood brain barrier and can therefore have negative effects on the brain functions but this happens in drug toxicity. The common side effects noted with this drug are; loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, insomnia, addiction, irritability and red skin rash, blistering and peeling of the skin, anxiety blurred vision, rapid pulse, seizures and heart palpitation. When this drug is given to children the drug can cause reduced growth in children which affects both their weight and height. It should be noted that children under the age of six years are contraindicated for the use of Methylphenidate. Methylphenidate toxicity occurs when the drug have been extremely abused and used without the doctor’s prescription for a period of time.
The clinical signs of Methylphenidate toxicity are; tremor , aggression, restlessness, personality disorders, severe depression, panic, twitching and spasm of muscles, dehydration, sweating, delusions, swelling of the hands and ankles joints, seizures, high blood pressure, unexplainable pain in muscles, kidney damage. A patient with these states if not given immediate medical attention can die of heart attack even though the patient has no previous history of any heart disease. In cases where an over dose of the drug is noticed and the patient wishes to have Methylphenidate withdrawal it is best to seek a medical practitioner who will give him medical advice on how best to stop the side effects and the best way to stop the overdose to avoid further damage. The normal withdrawal symptoms that can be noticed with this drug are tiredness, extreme hunger, feeling cranky, nightmare, depression, long period of lack of proper sleep followed by another long period of sleepiness and heavy sleeping.
How To Buy Methylphenidate
It is very easy to buy Methylphenidate online because there are a lot of websites you can find online that are certified to sell drugs. Methylphenidate price is quite affordable for those who need it and this is a good thing because this drug is the drug of choice for treating attention deficient hyperactivity disorder and therefore is needed for children from different levels of the society. If you are looking for good Methylphenidate at the low price, follow the link.
There are still ongoing researches about the use of the drug, its therapeutic effects and the possible ways of limiting the side effects, but while the scientist and medical researchers are doing their jobs of making life better with new ideas and findings, Methylphenidate remains a drug that has been helpful to families in the management of their children giving them a reason to have a happy family with healthy and normal acting children.